Black Tea is made from the leaves of a bush called Camellia sinensis. A oxidation process turns the leaves from green to a dark brownish-black color.
Black tea is a fully oxidized tea. Most known varieties of Black tea include Darjeeling tea, Assam tea, Nilgiri tea, Nepal tea, Keemun tea and Turkish tea.The active substances in black tea do not develop at temperatures lower than 90 Degrees Celsius. So, Black tea in western countries is heated to its boiling point. The most common mistake while making Black tea is to use water at too lower a temperature. Because boiling point drops as the altitude increases, it is difficult to brew Black tea properly in mountainous areas.
The Black tea which is made in the west is brewed for about four minutes and is not allowed to steep from 30 seconds to 5 minutes. In many regions of the world Black tea is often boiled for about fifteen minutes or longer to make Masala chai in India, as a strong tea is preferred.
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